javascript array helper - filter

Javascript Array Helper: filter

The purpose of the filter() array helper is to execute a function for every array element and return a new array containing only those elements that match a condition.

A Practical Example

Suppose we have an array of products and we want to create a new array of only those products with a category of “books”.

First, let’s look at how we would do this in older ES5 javascript.

</pre>
var products = [
   { name: 'Checkers', category: 'Toys'},
   { name: 'Harry Potter', category: 'Books'},
   { name: 'iPhone', category: 'Electronics'},
   { name: 'Learn PHP', category: 'Books'}
];
var filteredProducts = [];

for (var i=0; i<products.length; i++) {
   if (products[i].category === 'Books')
      filteredProducts.push(products[i]);
}
console.log(filteredProducts);
<pre>

Javascript filter() Helper

Here is how the example above would be re-written using the filter helper.

var products = [
    { name: 'Checkers', category: 'Toys'},
    { name: 'Harry Potter', category: 'Books'},
    { name: 'iPhone', category: 'Electronics'},
    { name: 'Learn PHP', category: 'Books'}
];
var filteredProducts = [];

filteredProducts = products.filter(function(product) {
    return product.category === 'Books';
});
console.log(filteredProducts);

The way this works is that for each array element, a callback function will get called, where you can test a condition and return true or false.

If you return true then that element will be include in the resulting array. The end results is a brand new array with the elements meeting your condition.

Hope this helps, in my next post I will discuss if the array .find function.

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