javascript array helper - foreach

Javascript Array Helper: forEach

Looping or iterating through an array is a very common task you often need to do in javascript. ES6 javascript provides a handy array helper function for this…. the forEach.

First, let’s look at how we would do this in older ES5 javascript.


var colors = ['red', 'blue', 'green'];

for (var i = 0; i < colors.length; i++) {
   console.log(colors[i]);
}

Javascript forEach Helper

Now iterating through an array can be simplified by using the forEach. Here is how the example above would be re-written.


var colors = ['red', 'blue', 'green'];

colors.forEach(function(color) {
   console.log(color);
});

The way this works is that for each array element a callback function will get called where you can do something within that function.

A Practical Example

Suppose we have an array of numbers and we want to sum up all the numbers and get a total. Here is how you could do it using forEach.


var numbers = [10, 15, 7, 8];

var sum=0;
numbers.forEach(function(number) {
   sum+=number;
});

console.log(sum);

Hope this helps, in my next post I will discuss if the array .map function.

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